Waste and recycling: a quick guide

Business RecyclingWaste-to-Energy

The waste hierarchy

There are many ways of disposing of waste. The waste hierarchy lists these methods in a sliding scale, from the most environmentally friendly option to the least for many types of waste:

  • Prevention – the best option, this focuses on reducing waste being produced in the first place
  • Reuse – for example, using old food containers as lunch boxes or old plastic bags as bin liners
  • Recycle – taking materials from old products to make something new, like making car parts from old metal drinks cans
  • Energy recovery – creating energy from waste, for example by burning it to produce electricity
  • Disposal – the worst option for most types of waste as this often involves burying rubbish in landfill

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